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What is a Navajo Blessingway ceremony

The Navajo used the Blessing Way Ceremony for many purposes. It was not just for Pregnancy and Birth. It was a ceremony performed for anything that was hoped to have a positive and happy outcome. The Ceremonies usually lasted 2 days and one night and were performed with much singing and chanting Blessingway As opposed to the other Navajo [Diné] Chant Ways, which are used to effect a cure of a problem, the Blessingway [Hózhó jí] is used to bless the one sung over, to ensure good luck, good health and blessings for all that pertains to them. It is sometimes referred to by English speaking Diné as being for good hope * Sometimes a blessing way is called a mother's blessing out of respect for the Navajo people, who have a ceremony called a blessingway on which the modern ceremony is based. Because the modern ceremony does not adhere to the exact rites of the Navajo ceremony they do not always approve of the term being used

Blessingway—hozhooji: a ceremony to awaken one to natural order (hozho); choosing constructive and life-affirming choices; healing from intentions and decisions that destroy oneself and others. To explain the blessing way, spiritual-cultural concepts are translated from the Dineh language into appropriate English descriptions to convey universal health and healing concepts from Dineh oral. The Blessingway by Patricia Anne Davis. Blessingway—hozhooji: a ceremony to awaken one to natural order (hozho); choosing constructive and life-affirming choices; healing from intentions and decisions that destroy oneself and others.. Navajo ceremonies do not require a conversion process of taking away the precious child within the natural order, and replacing this spiritual SELF-identity. A Blessingway is a Navajo Ritual created to spiritually support and empower the new mother for her journey of birthing and motherhood. In recent times, this beautiful ritual has been adapted as an alternative to baby showers, where the focus tends to be more on the gifts and the baby, rather than on the mother and her experience

Blessingway Sample Ceremony - Baby Blessings By Ashleig

Historically, a blessingway is an old Navajo (native American) ceremony, which celebrates a woman's rite of passage into motherhood. The westernised version of this is the 'Mother Blessing.' Moving forward, I will use this term out of respect of the Navajo tradition A blessingway is a gathering honoring the soon-to-be mom as she embraces this whole new journey and embarks on the path of raising another human being in this world. Blessingways have long been practiced through generations that can be traced back to the sacred roots of the Navajo tradition and many other versions of this is widely practiced. 5 Major Navajo Ceremonies Blessingway has been the ceremony which awakens one into a natural order. It makes life-affirming and constructive choices and heals from decisions and intentions that can destroy oneself as well as others. Navajo ceremonies are not requiring the conversational process of removing a precious child in a natural order

A blessingway is a sacred pre-birth ceremony that has traditionally been performed by Navajo people, and celebrates a woman's rite of passage into motherhood the Navajo women at this hospital had a Blessingway ceremony during their current pregnancy. The data indicate that contemporary usage of the Blessingway ceremony is much less frequent than with previous generations. Factors contributing to this decline include a: decrease in the use of Navajo language, decreased number of practicing medicine. The Blessingway by Patricia Anne Davis To explain the blessing way, spiritual-cultural concepts are translated from the Dineh language into appropriate English descriptions to convey universal health and healing concepts from Dineh oral tradition. Blessingway—hozhooji: a ceremony to awaken one to natural order (hozho); choosing constructive and life-affirming choices; healing from intentions.

Blessingway - Hanksvill

  1. g Ceremony. This ceremony is derived from a Navajo fertility rite; borrowing elements from Native American, African, and other religious traditions, while.
  2. The following traditional prayer is from the Navajo People and can be found in many places. The original author of this beautiful blessing is unknown. Some say that reading the words bring peace and calm. We have found this to be tru
  3. inity and power that comes through growing a baby and giving birth. The blessingway is often segmented into several ceremonies that have been adapted from the traditional Navajo's sacred fertility rites
  4. The Blessing Way ceremony is believed to have originated within the Navajo tribe. In many instances, the Blessing Way is understood to be a healing endeavor that only involves the women. In more traditional settings, men are not allowed to participate
  5. Blessingway is a beautiful custom to bless a mother-to-be and make her journey to motherhood memorable. It is a ceremony especially observed to honor the new mother. It could be said as a traditional baby shower that has originated from the Navajo or the native American tribe
  6. Blessingway, central ceremony of a complex system of Navajo healing ceremonies known as sings, or chants, that are designed to restore equilibrium to the cosmos. Unlike the other healing ceremonies, the Blessingways are not intended to cure illness but are used to invoke positive blessings and to avert misfortune. Click to see full answer

What is a Blessingway Ceremony? - The Celebrants Network

I know some might not be familiar with the concept of a blessingway. An excellent resource is the book Mother Rising from which we pulled the outline of our event. From what I understand, the origins of a blessing way are from a Navajo tradition; a ceremony of rites, prayers and songs based in honoring healing, fertility and creation The Enemyway is a ceremony performed to cure people from illness caused by coming into contact with an enemy, typically someone or an experience outside the Navajo culture and traditional lifeways. The symbolic scalp is collected during a ritualized warpath prior to the ceremony, brought to the place of healing without being touched, and kept. A Blessingway is an ancient Navajo ceremony to celebrate a woman's transition into motherhood. The Navajo have a saying, whatever happens here on Earth must first be dreamed, and that's exactly what a Blessingway does. It is a ceremony (or the dream) that is a prelude to a major life event (and, as we all know, motherhood is a pretty life. (Redirected from Blessing Way) The Navajo song ceremonial complex is a spiritual practice used by certain Navajo ceremonial people to restore and maintain balance and harmony in the lives of the people. One half of the ceremonial complex is the Blessing Way, while the other half is the Enemy Way (Anaʼí Ndááʼ) Blessingway ceremonies are a beautiful and unique way to honour a mother-to-be, spending time with her, sharing stories, debriefing fears and to instil confidence and strength. Historically, a Blessingway was traditionally a Navajo (Native American) Ritual created to spiritually support and empower the new mother for her journey of birthing and.

The Blessing Way Native American Concept

A Blessingway is a traditional Navajo religious ceremony. In the Navajo culture it is one of the most important parts of a pregnancy. Traditionally, it is for women only, although some women choose to include men. The Blessingway is held late in pregnancy and serves to strengthen the mother for the spiritual and physical demands of birth A blessingway is a traditional Navajo ceremony, which celebrates this rite of passage. Out of respect to the Navajo tradition, in our culture we call it a Mother Blessing Ceremony. A Mother Blessing is about nurturing the mother, providing her with all that she needs through support, love and the handmade gifts of her women-folk which instill. Blessingway is vastly concerned with the Hogan, a term which has been anglicized from Navajo Hooghan, the place home. This place home is to be the center of every blessing in life: happy births, the home of one's children, the center of weddings, the center where good health, property, increase in crops and livestock originate, where old. This. Navajo Prayer and Blessing remind us that beauty -- connection to the. Love Divine -- is all around us, even as we walk through our everyday. lives. Here is a version of the prayer and blessing. Closing Prayer from the Navajo Way Blessing Ceremony: In beauty I walk. With beauty before me I walk. With beauty behind me I walk

The Five Major Navajo/Dineh Ceremonies Altai Fellowshi

Way back in 2004 native feminists wrote to the editors of the Canadian Women's Health Network requesting that the term 'Blessingway' no longer be used to describe non-Navajo prenatal ceremonies. They explained that the term 'Blessingway' refers to a sacred spiritual ceremony performed by the Na The Navajo (Native American) tradition was specifically called a Blessingway- where the name comes from. The blessingway ceremony is a support circle for the expecting mother, with all of her most trusted and cherished women in her life. Our Blessingway Ceremonies are designed to do just this The Navajo Way contains four major ceremonies, which are called the Mountaintop Way, Grandfathers' Ceremony, the Enemy Way and the Lightning Way. The Blessing Way is a separate ritual used to complete each of the other four ceremonies. The Navajo belief system is focused on ideas of harmony and balance, and each ritual is designed to restore. Tsosie will lead the Blessingway in Hotchkiss Recital Hall starting at 6:30. The event is free, although donations are accepted to support a Navajo charity. One of the oldest and most important ceremonies for the Navajo people, or Diné (meaning the people or children of the holy people), the Blessingway tells of Navajo origins and.

A mother's blessing, or blessingway, is a gathering of women based on the traditional hoshooji (blessing ceremony) offered by the Navajo in North America. GeorGina Kelly, a mindful birthing midwife, tells us in Pathways, issue 53, A Way of Blessing, that this nine-day ceremony was a spiritual gathering of storytelling, grooming rituals. A Navajo historian, Wyman writes that the blessingway is a system of chants and songs, considered to be the backbone of all Navajo ceremonies and rituals. These are not restricted to pregnancy and/or childbearing, but rather cover many aspects of domestic life

The sacred Blessingway practice is based in Ancient Navajo wisdom, though many cultures around the world held similar celebrations for pregnant women. A Blessingway is a healing and supportive space for a pregnant woman as her dearest sisters gather to honor her, celebrate her and acknowledge her and this powerful journey The Navajo House Blessing ceremony is a protective and preventative rite. It is based upon the original blessing which First Man gave to the first hogan, which was shaped like an inverted cone, with a covered entry way; it has been described as a four-forked-beams-hogan (McAllester, 13) Blessingway ceremonies are a beautiful and unique way to honour a mother-to-be, spending time with her, sharing stories, debriefing fears and to instil confidence and strength. Historically, a blessingway is an old Navajo (native American) ceremony, which celebrates a woman's rite of passage into motherhood Navajo Celebrations. navajocodetalkersadmin on June 10, 2015 - 10:00 am in Navajo Rituals. There are 5 major celebrations or ceremonies made up of the Navajo. The 2 of them that are most used are the Blessingway celebration that is made to awaken the natural order of living the loving way. The way of life is making the right decisions which are.

A Blessingway: Shower the Mother-To-Be with Blessings

What Is A Blessingway? (aka Mother Blessing) BellyBell

The blessingway ceremony has been taken from the Navajo tradition, but each ceremony is different to the woman's desires. Smudging (burning dried sage) is also something that's done to cleanse the energy. Smudging and wafting it everywhere and over everyone individually with a feather or wing is powerful and cleansing The nine-night ceremony known as the Night Chant or the Nightway (Yei Bei Chei) is believed to date from around 1000 b.c.e., when it was first performed by the Indians who lived in Canyon de Chelly (now eastern Arizona).It is considered to be the most sacred of all Navajo ceremonies and one of the most difficult to learn, because it involves memorizing many songs, prayers, and the complicated. Traditionally this practice has its roots in the Navajo tradition, though many other cultures around the world have practiced similar ceremonies. A blessingway ceremony is a time to honor the Divine Feminine, the sacredness of fertility, the wonder of creation, and the magnificent power that is within all woman The data indicate that contemporary usage of the Blessingway ceremony is much less frequent than with previous generations. Factors contributing to this decline include a: decrease in the use of Navajo language, decreased number of practicing medicine men, increased reliance on Christian religions practices, influence of Western education and. The order of songs at future Blessingway ceremonies was thus determined. After this ceremony Changing Woman would go outside and walk on the trail which had been prepared for her. Navajo Medicine Man Sandpaintings, Gladys Amanda Reichard, Dover Pub. Sandpaintings of the Navajo.

The Rough Rock Medicinemen Training Program prepared this book to preserve Medicine practice of Navajo practitioners. Materials include Navajo transcriptions and English translations of lectures by Roger Hathale, a well known Medicineman. Written primarily for use by Navajo students at secondary and junior college levels, the book contains a full documentation of the Blessingway ceremony from. Culture of the Navajo Nation. Various herbs were used to create potions, ointments, and 'cleansers', to facilitate the healing process. The Navajo Nation believed medicine is the power or force of nature. Thus, people have the power within themselves to ensure a life of health and wholeness. The Navajo Nation believed all illness or. Together, they observe the traditional Blessing Ceremony where a Navajo family receives peace, harmony, and good luck for the new home. As tradition states, the ceremony also prevents general. The Blessingway • The most popular and critical Navajo ceremony • This ceremony is preventative in nature, aiming for good health and fortune • Medicine bundles (jish) are used to bless the one-sung-over • This ceremony usually occurs at child birth, puberty, and weddings

What a Blessingway Is and How to Host One - Goddess Ceremon

Navajo ceremonies may last for up to nine days and nights. Among several sites, the focus of healing rituals is the circular log hogan (by the mid-20th century, often a specially-constructed edifice rather than an everyday dwelling), inside which the medicine man (the Navajo term hatali singer isn't gender-specific, though most are indeed male) deploys his jish bundle and depicts sand. A skillful, meticulous, and altogether praiseworthy contribution to Navajo studies. . . . Although the focus of Mitchell's autobiography is upon his role as a Blessingway singer, there is much material here on Navajo history and culture in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries This life history of a Navajo leader, recorded in the 1960s and first published in 1977, is a classic work in the study of Navajo history and religious traditions. A skillful, meticulous, and altogether praiseworthy contribution to Navajo studies. . . . Although the focus of Mitchell's autobiography is upon his role as a Blessingway singer, there is much material here on Navajo history and. For Navajo healer Goldtooth, a life out of balance can lead to disharmony and manifest in illness. But imbalance can be realigned through the sacred chants and songs of her healing tradition, called the Blessing Way, passed down from her mother's brother and the generations before him. Goldtooth tends to the women and families of her Arizona.

The Blessing Way ceremonies are based on establishing peace, harmony, and good things exclusively within the Dine. The Enemy Way, or Evil Way ceremonies are concerned with counteracting influences that come from outside the Dine. Spiritual healing ceremonies are rooted in Navajo traditional stories Dorothy added. Yazzie's parents were medicine people and herbalists who practiced ceremonies like the Blessingway, blackening and nine-day ceremonies as well as collecting herbs for remedies. In. Ned's parents insisted that he have The Blessingway ceremony done before he left because The Blessingway ceremony is supposed to keep him safe from all harm during his fights during the war of WWII. The piece of paper in Ned's wallet said that the Navajo Indians would fight for America in the Army if their help was needed . They would do. Email this Article The Blessingway

Navajo Ceremonies Navajo Code Talker

This empowering celebration offers a modern alternative to a baby shower and focuses on celebrating the mother-to-be and takes its lead from a traditional Navajo Blessingway A Blessingway is all about preparing for the amazing life change to come, by surrounding the expectant mother with the love, knowledge and wisdom of the women around her. The Blessing Way ceremony is similar to what is used in the church.; The Navajo approach to Hoski s problem is to help him get back in the blessing way.; However, he thought it starts out kind of terribly with The Blessing Way . He then proceeds to his meeting at Dinebito Wash with Alice Yazzie to arrange the Blessing Way ceremony.; Visual effects producer Mat Beck considered the. As opposed to a shower where the focus is more on the baby being born, a Blessingway focuses on the mother and her evolution through pregnancy, supporting her in her upcoming birth. There are many different rituals and activities that can take place at a Blessingway. Some come from traditional Navajo ceremonies but the most important thing is that the woman being blessed is comfortable and happy

Colorado Solar Hogan Demonstration

What is a Blessingway? Baby Chic

The idea of a Blessingway or Mother Blessing originally comes from a Navajo rite of passage ceremony that celebrates new motherhood. The focus isn't so much on the new baby, or lavishing the mom with expensive gifts, but rather on the woman's passage into motherhood - and nurturing her through it The Blessingway Ceremony is a Navajo tradition to honor a specific time or transition in one's life. It is not just for mothers preparing for childbirth, but is for any person preparing for or celebrating a change or milestone. It is both an honoring and a blessing

  1. The first ceremony, the one for most Navajo girls, typically is conducted over four days to represent the four seasons and the four sacred mountains of the Four Corners region. In that time, the.
  2. What is a Blessingway? It's a mother's blessing ceremony, which originally comes from Native American and Navajo culture. It's sometimes called a Belly-blessing. In numerology, Blessingway adds to 46/10/1. 1 is the number for new beginnings, while 4 represents the Heart Chakra and 6 is the Third Eye Chakra
  3. Will Tsosie, tribal archaeologist for the Navajo Nation, will visit the Washington College campus Thursday, Nov. 7 to perform a Navajo Blessingway — a series of song-prayers performed to promote.

A Birthingway is also known as a Blessingway Ceremony by the Navajo People, it is as old as their people's history. These rites-of-passage are also honoured by earth based religions such as Wicca. A Birthingway is a rite to empower the parent-to-be to surrender to the mysteries of labour and birth and to give them strength for the ordeal Title: Navajo Blessingway singer: the autobiography of Frank Mitchell, 1881-1967. Published By: Original publisher. Tucson : University of Arizona Press, c1978: University of Arizona Press. 1978. x, 446 p. ill. By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Traditionally this practice roots back into Navajo tradition, though many other cultures around the world practiced similar ceremonies for pregnant women. A Blessingway specifically was a time to honor the Divine Feminine, fertility and the power of woman. Blessingway rituals

The research study included 25 adult participants, who each participated in the ceremony, conducted by an authentic Diné Hataa ł ii, a Navajo Chanter. This specific ceremony, whose name remains private upon the request of the Navajo Nation, is typically intended for periods of grief, loss, trauma and for difficult or challenging life transitions A Mother Blessing ceremony is a traditional rite of passage for women on the cusp of entering motherhood, inspired by Native American and African traditions. This ceremony is called a Blessingway by the Navajo (Dine) people, and out of respect for their culture, we call it a Mother Blessing when used by non-native peoples A blessing way is a Diné Navajo traditional ceremony that is deeply spiritual. To call what a modern mother blessing looks like now a 'blessing way' is cultural appropriation and is something MamaPixie strives hard to not be a part of Among the Navajo, the Blessing Way (Hoshooji, or Long-life Empowerment Ceremony) restores vitality and well-being during several key life passages. Like other major Navajo healing ceremonies, this is a major event whose throbbing rhythmic chants and prayers envelop everyone attending

Blessingway Ceremonial Principles Native American Concept

navajo blessingway ceremony. 15th February 2021 In Uncategorised. navajo blessingway ceremony. The Blessingway is a Navajo tradition that celebrates a mother before her child is born. Pregnancy is a sacred time in a woman's life. This ceremony helps to bring together a community of women.

Blessingway Ceremonies - A Celebration of Pregnancy, Birth

Each sing was a prayer to the Holy People, the supernatural beings that the Navajo believed watched over life. Blessingways: Blessingways were ceremonies that requested something from the gods. A Blessingway ceremony might be conducted to ask the gods to bless a new marriage or the birth of a baby, or to protect a warrior from his enemies The Blessing Way: Navajo Woman Shows How To Walk In Beauty. The Blessing Way: A ceremony to awaken one to natural order (hozho); choosing constructive and life-affirming choices; healing from intentions and decisions that destroy oneself and others. Once awakened to the natural order, we begin living the loving way—hozhooji: literal. The Navajo Blessingway Ceremony. A 5 page paper exploring the Navajo Blessingway ceremony, the ritual and story tradition that forms the core of a major Navajo view. Bibliography lists four sources. Fill out the form below and receive your selected paper NOW!! Possibly because of his new wife, he also became interested in learning the Blessingway Ceremony and began to from his father-in-law, a process that took a few years because he had so many other.

The Blessingway: Celebrate Mom Before The Birth » Read Now!

A Blessingway is a sacred pre-birth ceremony that has traditionally been performed by Navajo people, and celebrates a woman's rite of passage into motherhood. Today, a gathering known as a 'Mother Blessing' is gaining popularity in North America A blessingway was traditionally a Navajo Ritual, a sacred fertility rite, created to spiritually support and empower the new mother for her journey of birthing and motherhood. Not only used around birth, the blessingway can also celebrate women at a time in a woman's life when she is experiencing some type of change or transition, such as. Kinaaldá, the ceremony associated with the onset of a girl's puberty, is an important Navajo rite within the Blessingway complex. Derived from the experiences of Changing Woman, the puberty ceremony has been passed through generations and continues to be observed throughout Navajoland A blessing way is a Diné Navajo traditional ceremony that is deeply spiritual. To call what a modern mother blessing looks like now a 'blessing way' is cultural appropriation and is something MamaPixie strives hard to not be a part of. A women's online group stated 1. In 2004, Native feminists wrote us to request that the term.

Mother Chi: Blessingway vs

The Navajo have a saying: Whatever happens here on Earth must first be dreamed. This is the principle of a blessingway ceremony, Baker writes—to actualize the dream, or vision of the women gathering, so that the mother-to-be will have an empowering birth experience Navajo medicine people call on the Holy People, who are believed to attend the Blessing Way, seasonal ceremonies, and curing rituals. The Blessing Way is said to be associated with Navajo women. Medicine people like Goldtooth, called hataałii , which translates to singers in English, are trained by elders to perfect them in the skills of.

Mother’s Blessing Ceremony (Blessingway)A History of Graphic Design: Chapter 78; Navajo Indians

Walk In Beauty: Prayer From The Navajo People Talking

  1. In the 1970's, American midwives - led by Raven Lang, Jeannine Parvati Baker, and Nan Koehler - adapted the Navajo Blessingway into the modern ceremony that many pregnant women celebrate today. Out of respect for the sacred ritual of the Dine (Navajo), many people are starting to refer to the Blessingway ceremony given to a woman as a.
  2. Before each ceremony we wash to prepare ourselves for the healing to come. So: creating soaps that cleanse, purify, lift our spirits and communicate with the Holy is part of our ancient culture. We offer this to you, through our beautiful way - our corn pollen path we call it, and with our blessingway prayer that is core to our way of life
  3. Certain Navajo ceremonials are carried out precisely for this purpose of purification after war; one of these is Blessingway, which some people say was in danger of dying out until after World War II, when so many returning veterans needed the ceremony that it was revived
  4. g of a new life.. During this sacred ceremony, a mother with the support of friends and family, can open herself to the challenges and joys that.
  5. The Navajo have a saying, whatever happens here on Earth must first be dreamed, and that's exactly what a Blessingway does. It is a ceremony (or the dream) that is a prelude to a major life event (and, as we all know, motherhood is a pretty life-altering event)

Blessingway Poetry and Readings - Twin Cities Midwifery Blo

  1. Healing ceremonies are a large part of the Navajo religion. They include Nightway, Enemyway, Blessingway and Shootingway (McAllester 2009). These ceremonies are led by shamans or medicine men and often involve a great deal of music, dance and prayer (Dutton 1983)
  2. A Blessingway is a ceremony rooted in Navajo tradition. The purpose of the occasion is to bring about healing while averting challenges related to pregnancy and in the home. As its name implies, the central purpose of a Blessingway is to bless the changes taking place in a family
  3. Corn pollen is used in many Navajo sacred ceremonies. Though Ned does not explain the precise religious meanings of using corn pollen (an ancient practice), it nonetheless symbolizes his connection to his sacred land, to his people, and to the Navajo sacred spirits, or Holy People. It is first used in the Blessingway, a ceremony of protection, before Ned departs for service in the South Pacific

What is the Blessing Way Ceremony? (with pictures

  1. In what situation might one expect a Navajo to undergo a Blessingway ceremony? What major factor has contributed to the success of Pentecostalism in Native American communities? Describe contemporary Navajo religious affiliations; are the Navajo most likely to have a singular affiliation or display multiple affiliations
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  3. Navajo. Fred Begay was only 6 when his mother and father, both Navajo healers, began teaching him the songs of the Blessingway ceremony. Then Begay was plucked from the reservation when he was 10 to attend a Bureau of Indian Affairs school in Colorado
Blessingway PoemsCHAUDRON: Pollen Boy on the Sun (Navajo Sandpaintings)

BLESSINGWAY Ceremony. This beautiful pre-birth tradition is also known as a Mother Blessing. Based on the Navajo/Dineh ceremony for creating harmony and peace for the mother to be and for the soul of her baby. The Navajo/Dineh believe that we are all fields and that generations grow from our fertile soil. The modern Blessingway is a creative. Moonlit nights | Traditional songs of the Navajo Catalog Record Only Features social dance songs for the first night (of 3) of Nidáá́' or Enemy Way ceremony, one of the two most important Navajo ceremonial practices along with the Blessing Way. It is a healing ceremony, especially for those returning from war or from service in an alien land

Fred Begay - Wikipedia

Navajo Poems. 49 Navajo Poems ranked in order of popularity and relevancy. At PoemSearcher.com find thousands of poems categorized into thousands of categories. Saved by Stephanie Waters. 45. Native American Baby Native American Prayers Native American Wisdom Blessing Poem Baby Blessing Navajo Culture Birth Affirmations Don Juan Clever Quotes The Blessing Way was originally published in 1970 so it must be one of his earliest ones. Although it is essentially a murder mystery, he weaves in descriptions of the beauty of the southwest landscape and brings to life some of the fascinating customs/lores of the Navajo Indians. He even adds some Shakespeare into the mix Chapter 9 Summary: The Blessingway. Even though Ned's only 16 and hasn't completed school, his parents agree that he can enlist, on the condition that a tribal Blessingway ceremony will be performed to protect him. A local man named Hosteen Mitchell will be the singer in the ceremony. Mitchell is a Catholic, as are many in the.